Huacachina

Huacachina is a village that located in Ica Region in southwestern Peru. In 1999, the population of this village is only 115 people. Huacachina is a small village that build around a small natural lake in the desert. Huacachina is called as the oasis of America. There is a resort for a local families who come from the nearby city of Ica. Huacachina also become the main tourist attraction who like to do a sandboarding and take a dune buggy rides on sand dunes that can stretch for several hundred feet high. There is a legend about Huacachina that tell a story about how the lagoon was created. The lagoon was created when there is a beautiful native princess that apprehended at her bath by a young hunter. The pool that bathed by the princess who left later become a lagoon. The princess is wearing a mantle at that time. And when the princess is running away, the mantle become the surrounding sand dunes. The princess herself is rumored to be still alive in the oasis as a mermaid.

In order to access the groundwater, a private landowners near the oasis have installed a wells. This wells bring a negative impact for the oasis since the water become reduced drastically. As the result of the water loss, and to pleasing the destination of the tourist who visit this place, the city began to pump a water into the oasis to keep the water volume of the oasis that become the main attraction of all tourist who come and visit this place. There is no other oasis that located in America. Huacachina is the one and only city that can keep the oasis. Many people who come to this place will able to enjoy the oasis that provide in this city.

Machu Picchu

If you hear about Peru, maybe the first place that crossed your mind is Machu Picchu. Machu Picchu is a popular place that already well known by all people around the world. But maybe not all of you are really know what is Machu Picchu actually and why there is Machu Picchu in Peru. Machu Picchu is divided into two words. Machu means old or old person while Picchu or Pikchu meands peak or a mountain that have a broad base which ends in a sharp peaks. Machu Picchu is a 15th century Inca site that located 2.430 meters above the sea level. Many archeologist are believe that Machu Picchu was built during the Inca emperor Pachacuti and used it as an estate for the emperor. Machu Picchu sometimes mistakenly reffered as the Lost City of Incas while it is actually become the most familiar icon of Inca civilization. Machu Picchu was build around 1450. But due to the Spanish conquest, it was abandoned a century later. But even though the spanish are conquering the Inca emperor, Machu Picchu is remain unknown even for the world wide until there is an American historian who brought international attention in 1911.

Since Machu Picchu is well known by a lot of people and even world wide, it is become the largest tourist attraction in South America. Many people come to Peru and visit Machu Picchu. Machu Picchu experienced a restoration work that still continue until this day. Machu Picchu become one list of UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. And in 2007, Machu Picchu was nominated as one of the new seven wonders of the world and voted by all people in the whole world via internet poll. There is three primary structures in Machu Picchu that known by the archaeologists as the Sacred District of Machu Picchu.